Flat foot is a condition where the longitudinal arch or instep of the foot collapses and comes in contact with the ground. In infants and toddlers, the longitudinal arch is not developed and flat feet are normal. In some cases, the longitudinal arch never develops resulting in the development of flat foot in children. Most children with flat feet do not cause pain or other problems. Flat feet may be associated with pronation, a leaning inward of the ankle bones toward the center line.
Some common symptoms of a flat foot and their subsequent problems include:
Painful flat feet in children may be caused by a condition called tarsal coalition. Tarsal coalition is a condition where two or more of the bones in the foot fuse together, limiting motion and often leading to a flat foot.
Flat feet can also be caused by fallen arches. Years of wear and tear can weaken the tendon that is responsible for shaping the arch. Fallen arches can also be caused by injury such as inflammation of the tendons in the foot.
A painless flatfoot that does not hinder your ability to walk or wear shoes requires no special treatment or orthotic device. Other flat foot treatment options depend on the cause and progression of the flatfoot. Conservative treatment options include:
In some cases, flat foot operation may be needed to correct the problem. Surgical procedures can help reduce pain and improve bone alignment. Types of flat foot surgery your doctor may discuss with you include:
In some cases, complications may occur. Common complications of having flat feet are:
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