In knock knees (genu valgum or genu valgus), the lower legs are at an outward angle, such that when the knees are touching and the ankles are separated. Most children develop a slight knock-kneed stance by the time they are 2 or 3 years old. This is part of normal development and often persists through age 5 or 6, at which time the legs begin to straighten fully. By puberty, most children can stand with the knees and ankles touching (without forcing the position). Knock knees can also develop as a result of disease processes. If this condition is not fixed in childhood, it may continue through to adulthood and begin to cause a problem for the adult affected. Adults can also have knocked knees due to arthritis or a severe injury to the knee.
Possible complications of knock knees include:
For knock knee treatment, the orthopedic micro surgery and the following knock knees correction with Ilizarov-Veklich device, an external fixator, invented by Dr. Veklich Vitaliy is applied. The solution of micro-surgery with the further application of Ilizarov-Veklich device, while knock knees correction takes place, can be used for correction of most severe deformities. This can be done safely and it can prevent the need for joint replacement for patient that had a knock knees before.
The Ilizarov-Veklich device, modified for deformities correction treatment, is made from titanium. It has unique small triangle shape that allows the patient to move and feel comfortable during the knock knees treatment. The device is very light in weight. It is also easy to take off when the treatment of knock knees is over. It also leaves minimal/no scarring as well (3 small spots are left and they are to disappear soon).
The work on different types of Ilizarov-Veklich devices, invented by Dr. Veklich allows him to address different types of problems and improve his techniques. The same type of triangle-shaped titanium modification of Ilizarov-Veklich device is used for Bow Legs Correction or genu varum correction.
The best way to correct knock knees in adults is to strengthen the knee by doing a series of exercises. Various types of exercises can be done to strengthen the knees including seated quadriceps contraction, leg strengthening exercises and hamstring curls. Be sure to select exercises that work to strengthen the muscles in your knee and not ones that put a lot of stress on the knee like running or mountain climbing because these types of exercises can actually damage the knee instead. Being overweight can also cause knock knees and because of this fact a good way to treat knock knees is to bring your weight down to a normal level. Excess weight can add a lot of stress to your knee only making the knock knee condition worse.
If you have tried these various methods and have had no results then surgery may be the right answer for you. Corrective surgery works best for children who are between the ages of ten and eleven but may work for adults as well. Usually for adults instead of corrective surgery being done, most doctors will recommend an entire knee replacement as the best surgery to correct knock knees. As with all surgeries knee replacement has its own set of dangers and risks that you should consider before having the surgery done.
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