Scoliosis is an abnormal curving of the spine. Your spine is your backbone. It runs straight down your back. Everyone's spine naturally curves a tiny bit. But people with scoliosis have a spine that curves too much. Scoliosis mostly affects children.
Most of the time, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. This is called idiopathic scoliosis. It is the most common type. It is grouped by age.
Scoliosis most often affects girls. Some people are just more likely to have curving of the spine. Curving generally gets worse during a growth spurt.
Other types of scoliosis are:
Usually there are no symptoms. But symptoms can include:
Scoliosis treatment depends on many things:
Most people with idiopathic scoliosis do not need treatment. However, you should be checked by a doctor about every 6 months. Your doctor might recommend a back brace. A back brace prevents further curving. There are many different types of braces. What kind you get depends on the size and location of your curve. Back braces work best in people over age 10. Braces do not work for those with congenital or neuromuscular scoliosis. Sometimes, surgery is needed.
After scoliosis operation, you may need to wear a brace for a little while to keep the spine still. You may need surgery if the spine curve is severe or getting worse very quickly. The surgeon may want to wait until all your bones stop growing, but this isn't always possible. Scoliosis treatment may also include:
Complications of scoliosis can include:
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